Fundamental Movement Skills

primary fundamental skills banner

Fundamental Movement Skills (FMS) provide the building blocks for many physical activities, such as playing games, dance, and sport. “Having these skills is an essential part of enjoyable participation and a lifelong interest in an active lifestyle” (Developing FMS Manual, Sport NZ).

Fundamental movement skills are important to the motor development of children’s physical, cognitive and social growth. There are three categories in which the fundamental skills fit – Manipulative, Locomotor and Stability.

Below you will find examples of activities which assist in the development of these fundamental movement skills.  (All of these will be linked through to a pdf explaining the activity). For more ideas on developing fundamental movement skills, see Sport NZ's Developing Fundamental Movement Skills manual.





  • Walking and running
  • Jumping
  • Hopping
  • Dodging


Stability and Balance

  • Rotation
  • Stability and Balance


Environment and Equipment

  • Bean Bags
  • Jungle Gym
  • Hoops
  • Hot Spots
  • Scarves


Games and Activities

This section focuses on different games that incorporate fundamental movement skills, and looking at ways in which they can be modified for different age groups and used to teach a variety of skills.

  • Rob the Nest
  • Stuck in the Mud
  • Everybody's It Tag
  • Follow the Leader
  • Rats and Rabbits
  • Battleships
  • Hand Push
  • Grinch Stole Christmas


Concept Specific Games

  • Striking and Fielding Games
  • Race to the Bases
  • Whacky Baseball


Invasion Games

  • Guard the Pin